США - Ямал. Обмен литературой.
В нашем книжном фонде пополнение: мы получили пять книг от Библиотеки Конгресса, национальной библиотеки США и крупнейшей библиотеки мира. Издания посвящены истории североамериканского континента. Из этих книг наши читатели смогут узнать о древних верованиях и ритуалах востока Северной Америки, об индейцах Висконсина, о литературе чероки, о жизни выдающихся женщин Северной Каролины, а также историю штата Виргиния. В свою очередь, Национальная библиотека ЯНАО передала Библиотеке Конгресса книги о Ямале.
1. Cheryl Claassen «Beliefs and Rituals in Archaic Eastern North America»: A comprehensive and essential field reference, Beliefs and Rituals in Archaic Eastern North America reveals the spiritual landscape in the American Archaic period. Beliefs and Rituals in Archaic Eastern North America describes, illustrates, and offers nondogmatic interpretations of rituals and beliefs in Archaic America. In compiling a wealth of detailed entries, author Cheryl Claassen has created both an exhaustive reference as well as an opening into new archaeological taxonomies, connections, and understandings of Native American culture. The material is presented in an introductory essay about Archaic rituals followed by two sections of entries that incorporate reports and articles discussing archaeological sites; studies of relevant practices of ritual and belief; data related to geologic features, artifact attributes, and burial settings; ethnographies; and pilgrimages to specific sites. Claassen’s work focuses on the American Archaic period (marked by the end of the Ice Age approximately 11,000 years ago) and a geographic area bounded by the edge of the Great Plains, Newfoundland, and southern Florida. This period and region share specific beliefs and practices such as human sacrifice, dirt mound burial, and oyster shell middens.
2. Patty Loew «Indian Nations of Wisconsin: Histories of Endurance and Renewal»: From origin stories to contemporary struggles over treaty rights and sovereignty issues, the best-selling "Indian Nations of Wisconsin: Histories of Endurance and Renewal" explores Wisconsin's rich Native tradition. This long-awaited revised edition includes new material reflecting contemporary historical events and initiatives of the twenty-first century, covering the economic, social, and environmental advancements of the Native communities. New chapters are devoted to discussions of urban Indians and the Brothertown Indian Nation. This unique volume, based on the historical perspectives of the state's Native peoples, includes compact tribal histories of the Ojibwe, Potawatomi, Oneida, Menominee, Mohican, Ho-Chunk, and Brothertown Indians. Patty Loew focuses on oral tradition: stories, songs, the recorded words of Indian treaty negotiators, and interviews, along with other untapped Native sources, such as tribal newspapers, to present a distinctly different view of history. Elders and tribal historians in each of the Native communities participated in the book's development, recommending sources, making suggestions, and offering criticism as the book unfolded.
3. James Parins «Literacy and Intellectual Life in the Cherokee Nation, 1820-1906»: Many Anglo-Americans in the nineteenth century regarded Indian tribes as little more than illiterate bands of savages in need of "civilizing". Few were willing to recognize that one of the major Southeastern tribes targeted for removal west of the Mississippi already had an advanced civilization with its own system of writing and rich literary tradition. In Literacy and Intellectual Life in the Cherokee Nation, 1820-1906, James W. Parins traces the rise of bilingual literacy and intellectual life in the Cherokee Nation during the nineteenth century - a time of intense social and political turmoil for the tribe. By the 1820s, Cherokees had perfected a system for writing their language - the syllabary created by Sequoyah - and in a short time taught it to virtually all their citizens. Recognizing the need to master the language of the dominant society, the Cherokee Nation also developed a superior public school system that taught students in English. The result was a literate population, most of whom could read the Cherokee Phoenix, the tribal newspaper founded in 1828 and published in both Cherokee and English. English literacy allowed Cherokee leaders to deal with the white power structure on their own terms: Cherokees wrote legal briefs, challenged members of Congress and the executive branch, and bargained for their tribe as white interests sought to take their land and end their autonomy. In addition, many Cherokee poets, fiction writers, essayists, and journalists published extensively after 1850. Paving the way for the rich literary tradition that the nation preserves and fosters today. Literacy and Intellectual Life in the Cherokee Nation, 1820-1906 takes a fascinating look at how literacy served to unite Cherokees during a critical moment in their national history, and advances our understanding of how literacy has functioned as a tool of sovereignty among Native peoples, both historically and today.
4. Peter Wallenstein «Cradle of America: A History of Virginia»: As the site of the first permanent English settlement in North America, the birthplace of a presidential dynasty, and the gateway to western growth in the nations early years, Virginia can rightfully be called the cradle of America. Peter Wallenstein traces major themes across four centuries in a brisk narrative that recalls the people and events that have shaped the Old Dominion. The second edition is updated with new material throughout, including a new chapter on Virginia and world affairs from the Korean War through 9/11 and beyond, and, an expanded bibliography.
5. «North Carolina Women: Their Lives and Times»: North Carolina has had more than its share of accomplished, influential women-women who have expanded their sphere of influence or broken through barriers that had long defined and circumscribed their lives, women such as Elizabeth Maxwell Steele, the widow and tavern owner who supported the American Revolution; Harriet Jacobs, runaway slave, abolitionist, and author of Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl; and Edith Vanderbilt and Katharine Smith Reynolds, elite women who promoted women’s equality. This collection of essays examines the lives and times of pathbreaking North Carolina women from the late eighteenth century into the early twentieth century, offering important new insights into the variety of North Carolina women’s experiences across time, place, race, and class, and conveys how women were able to expand their considerable influence during periods of political challenge and economic hardship, particularly over the course of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
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